Dean’s (Dr Thomas Goings) Stand
Natchez Trace Trips-Thomas Goings owner of Dean’s Stand
June 13, 2005 I left from our farm in Ky bound for Nashville 90 miles away and entered the Natchez Trace Parkway at its head just south of Nashville. I was immediately struck with how beautifully manicured and attractive the parkway was. Throughout the trip you are not very far off the well beaten paths (interstates, major cities etc.) however you would never know in a million years..it was like being transformed into another time and place…absolutely one of the most peaceful and awe-inspiring trips I have ever taken. I compare it to seeing parts of the Oregon Trail dotting the landscapes out west, with ruts wore shoulder-high in some spots into the rock trail, the only traces left of the hundreds of Conestoga Wagons that traveled its trail and the many families it took west. The Natchez Trace was even more amazing, as I know my ancestors lived, traveled, traded and existed on it and along it.
Research Notes; Thomas Goings owner of Dean’s Stand on the Natchez Trace
Natchez Trace: A Road Through the Wilderness.
Along the old Natchez Trace there grew up places to rest and possibly buy provisions. The common term for these hostelries came to be stands. Prior to 1820 there had been as many as 50 of these stands established along the route of this national road between Nashville and Natchez.
In October of 1820 the Choctaw Indians signed a treaty with the United States, where the Choctaw gave up a large part of land on the south and west of their territory. This land was quickly claimed by pioneer families. One such family was William Dean and Margaret his wife. They settled in 1823, and in addition to farming the land, they allowed the travelers and mail riders and boatmen and preachers who came along the old road, to lodge in their house. This stop along the Natchez Trace came to be known as DEAN’S STAND.
- Stands on the old Natchez Trace, running north to south.
- (Nashville to Natchez)
- Joshlin’s Stand (TN) 1797
- Gordon’s Stand (TN) 1802
- John Gordon
- Gordon’s Ferry across the Duck River.
- Keg Springs Stand (TN) 1812
- Sheboss Place (TN)
- Dobbin’s Stand (TN) 1808
- David Dobbins, Swan Creek
- Griner’s Stand (TN) 1808
- McLish’s Stand (TN) 1806
- William McLish, N/S Buffalo Creek
- Young Factor’s Stand (TN) 1805
- McGlamery’s Stand (TN)
- A modern populated place, on the Natchez Trace just
- below Collinwood in Wayne County TN. We have not yet
- seen an early date for McGlamery’s Stand.
- (Submitted by David Cage.)
- Toscomby’s Stand (TN) 1810
- Toscomby, an Indian’s name
- George Colbert’s Stand (AL) pre 1806
- George Colbert, 1/2 Chickasaw
- Colbert’s Ferry across the Tennessee River
- Buzzard Roost Stand (AL) 1812
- Levi Colbert’s Stand (AL)
- Brown’s Stand (MS) 1815
- Old Factor’s Stand (MS) 1812
- Levi Kemp’s Stand (MS) 1825
- James Colbert’s Stand (MS) 1812
- James Allen
- Tockshish’s Stand, McIntosh’s Stand, Chickasaw Old Town (MS) 1797
- This became the junction with “the Notchey” or so called
- West Prong of the Natchez Trace.
- Wall’s Stand (MS) 1811
- Pigeon Roost Stand (MS) 1800
- Mitchell’s Stand (MS) 1806
- French Camp, LeFleur’s Stand (MS) 1810
- Hawkins’s Stand, Harkin’s Stand (MS) 1811
- Shoat’s Stand, Choteau’s Stand (MS) 1811
- Anderson’s Stand (MS) 1811
- Crowders Stand (MS) 1813
- Doak’s Stand (MS) 1810
- Ward’s Stand (MS) 1811
- Brashear’s Stand (MS) 1806
- Turner Brashear
- Jackson (MS)
- Ogburn’s Stand (MS) 1810
- Hayes’s Stand (MS) 1815
- Dean’s Stand (MS) 1821
- Red Bluff Stand, McRover’s Stand and Smith’s Stand (MS) 1806
- Rocky Springs
- Wooldridge’s Stand (MS) 1806
- Grindstone Ford (MS) 1797
- Port Gibson (MS)
- Coon Box Stand (MS)
- Greenville (MS)
- Uniontown (MS)
- Selserville (MS)
- Washington (MS)
- Natchez (MS)
SMU Natchez Trace Collection – Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Choctaw Treaty, eliminating the boundary between the British Colony of West Florida British, and the Choctaws.
March 26 1765
Rowland, Miss Territory Archives I 476
Mississippi Herald/Natchez Gazette, 21 October 1807
Letters-J. Moore, Postmaster at Port Gibson, has the following letters in his office as of 01 October 1807: William Scott; Vance Scott; Rev. Thomas Sacley; Joshua Clark; Miss Sally Griffin; John Murdock; Stephen Bullock; James Milligan; William Pope; Mrs. Mary Elliot; Miss Rebecca Milborun; Hon. Peter Byan Bruin; Archibald Griffing; David M Farlane; Jesse Benton; Henry Trent; Rev MolesFloyd; Thomas Norris; Soloman Walker; William R Richey; Dr. Thomas Going; Berryman Watkins; Abner Wilfenson; Major John Barkley; Caleb Roberts; Caleb Roberts; Francis M’Cleland; Samuel Beach; Ignatus Flowers; William Dickson; James Thompson; Walter Slaughter; Colonel THomas White; James Knewlard; John Boothe; Mrs. Harriet Turnbull; John Saxon; Joseph D Lewis; Roger Gypson; Joshua Rundle; Joshua Rundie; David Spurlock; Solomon Walker.
JOURNEY OF THOMAS NIXON TO ATTAKAPAS
Thomas Nixon writes of his journey to Attakapas where he was appointed to serve. He and Mr. Menefee rode to Mr. Overaker’s where they were hospitably entertained. The next morning they rode to Washington and dined with Dr. Rollins, then spent the night in the country with one of the Tooley’s (probably James) before turning toward Midway where they had an appointment to preach, preceding the Bishop who would preach on Sunday. Then they spent the night with Mr. Sojourner, dined with Brother Hodges and spent the night with
Mr. Richardson near Midway. People flocked to hear them preach the next day. On Monday the Bishop presided at McCalley’s Church. On Tuesday he preached in Liberty, the county town of Amite. He took quite ill while in Liberty, but rode eleven miles on his way to Franklin County. Wednesday he appeared better and he and his companions rode 28 miles to Mr. Pickett’s.
The Pickett settlement was then one of the strongholds of Methodism in Franklin County. The Bishop intended to preach there the next morning, but a chill kept him in bed all day. Having other engagements to keep, he rode six miles that night to Mr. King’s where he spent a rainy night. They left early the next morning and rode 30 miles in the rain to Randall Gibson’s. The Bishop was confined to bed the next day and missed his appointment for that day. He was so ill that day that Randall sent to Port Gibson for Dr. Thomas Going. By evening he was much better and came downstairs for a cheerful conversation with the family. Also convalescing at the Gibson home was James Dixon who had missed the Conference due to illness. He asked the Bishop’s permission to leave the country as soon as he could travel and was granted a transfer back to Tennessee. Nixon and Menefee rode ten miles that night, and stayed with Mrs. Evans to preach to the blacks at Old Hebron, and had a gracious time.
An ACT for Thomas Going, a free man of color Thomas Going is authorized to give testimony in court. December 1, 1814.
William Dean patented 80.09 acres W1/2 NW1/4 Section 32 T5N R3W March 26, 1823.
Hinds County Tract Book
See Mrs. Ratliff, Raymond also, Phil Armintage, grandson of Wm Dean who operated stand at present site of Dillons.
55. pg 191
Dean’s Stand. Site marked by family graveyard of Col. W.S. Dillon, who in 1839 acquired “a tract of land known as Dean’s stand.”
Dillon’s Stand formally Dean’s Stand
Francise B Lee, administrator of estate of Thomas Goeng..hath given, bargained and sold to Wilson F Dillon ass that tract of land W 1/2 of NE 1/4 of sec 33 T9R4E, also a tract of land N 1/2 of W 1/2 of the SE 1/4 of sec 33 T9 R4E also a tract of land known as Dean’s Stand lying and being in the situated in the county of Hinds and state aforesaid on the road leading from Port Gibson to Raymond Containing 850 acres.
Feb 20, 1839
Hinds Co Deed Book, Vol 2. p227-78
Mrs. Margaret Dillon acquired the property from F. B. Lee adm. 1939
Interrog “State whether or not Mrs. Margaret Dillon dec’d under the purchase as stated in the bill of complaint, had possesion of all land which were originally conveyed to you[her] by Francis B Lee as adm of Thomas Going which were then known as Dean’s Stand”
Ans “She had possesion of all said land from the time of her purchase up to the time of her death”
Interrog. WF Dillion, Hinds Co chauncery Records. Nov 27, 1874 No 1141
New Series left section.
Colonel Wilson F Dillon- Obituary, May 17, 1876.
Hinds County Gazzette, Raymond, Miss., Wednesday, May 17 1876m No. 36, Page 1.
“Death of Col. WF Dillon-We greatly regret to announce the death of Col. Wilson Dillon, which event occured at his residence near this place on 13th inst. Col. Dillon was one of the most subsantial citizens of the county of Hinds, one of our most valued friends, and a prompt paying subscriber to the Gazette from it’s first issue. He was born in Prize Edward County, Va, 1797, and, consequently died in the 79th year of his age. He removed to Mississippi in 1827, forty-nineyears ago, and settled on the palce where he died, 6 miles from Raymondwhen this country was a wilderness. Maby years ago he connected himself with the Methodist Church, of which he continued a highly useful and devoted member, and died with true christian fortitude and resignation. Col. Dillon was an upright and positive man; was a public spirited and well informed citizen; and in early times was a power and ever delighted in speaking of their characteristics and peculiaristies. For many years he was president of the board of Police of the county, and managed our public affairs most honestly, intelligently and satisfactorily. We mourn the death of our friend, but woe for the bright land ‘beyond the sunset,” and where he may be joined by his many kindred, friends and aquintances.”
Dillons Stand (formally Dean’s Stand)
Abner & Sarah Wise to John Cook,
“all those lots or parcels of land being lots No One and two of fractional section & two acres & twenty nine hundreths of an acre”
Dec 45, 1834.
Claiborne County Deed Book, O, 3607.
Note: This document was aknowledged before Wilson F Dillon, an acting justice of the peace for Claiborne County.
“The following described property, their intire interest in the lands known a Margret Dillon estate. All of S31 exet 16 a. in NE corner also W1/2 of NW1/4 and E1/2 of SW1/4 of set 32, Except 25 acres in NE Part of NW1/4 of sec. 32 T5 R3W.”
Deed of Trust given by John B Herrod & Julia A Herrod March 26, 1877.
Hinds County Deed Book, Vol 48, p.401.
In the Name of God I Samuel Going in Claiborne County in the State of Mififippi being in feble health
Edmund P Goines
The Natchez Trace assignment marked the first public task of any signifigance committed to the young lieutinant….In 1801 there commissioners, headed by General James Wilkinson, negotiated with the Chickasaws and Choctaws for the right to improve the old trace through their lands, and succeded in obtaining the right to construct a military road. Thereupon Leiutenant Goines, with ten companies of soldiers accompanied by Indian guides, pushd the work so rapidly that by the summer of 1802 the United States opened that section from Nashville to Duck River Ridge of the officially named Columbian Highway.
Silver JW Edmund P Goines, Baton Rouge 1949, 6.
Edmond P Goyens will out of Nacagdoches, he names James Going as his executor. I will transcribe the will as I can.
Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic
Library of Congress CC No 61-7973
Second printing of the second edition 1967
As soon as the Choctaws established their homes in the new country, they began to build their school system. The initiative was taken by the missionaries of the American Board, who in 1836 reported 11 schools with an enrollment of 228 Choctaw children. Agent FW Armstrong encouraged the Choctaws to construct log buildings and organize the schools provided by the treaty annuities.
Only three years after the Battle of New Orleans, the Choctaws made another decision that consolidated the interests of the two races, when they invited missionaries to establish stations in their country. This request seems to have been due to the influence of the younger generations of Folsoms, LeFlores, and Ptchlynn’s, whose fathers had given them some schooling, and who felt that the only hope for their people lay in education and the adoption of civilized institutions; but there is no doubt that the Choctaw people as a whole were ready for this further aquisition of the white man’s customs.
Draper Collection, Tecumseh Manuscripts pg 46-48
Pushmataha then returned to his home. which was in the vicinity of St Stephens, and told Gaines he was ready to join the United States in the War against the Creeks.
Cushman, History of the Choctaw “Indian Trails of the Southeast” Myer, pg. 824
Another source of white influence was the increasing activities of traders, and the construction of roads in the Choctaw Country. The most important trading post was St Stephens, established by the United States in 1802. It was located on the Tombigee close to its junction with the Alabama, on the old east-west Indian trail from the Natchez to the lower Creeks; it thus tapped the trade of the old Spanish Camino Real, and could compete for all the trade coming the Alabama and Tombigee rivers, and all the trails converging towards towards Mobile. George S Gaines, a native of Virginia, who came to this place in 1805 and served first as assistant, and later as principle factor, was greatly loved and trusted by the Choctaws. Gaines was assisted by a clerk, a skinsman, and an interpreter, all of whom received substantial salaries from the United States. The Choctaws brought bear’s oil, kegs of honey, beeswax, bacon, groundnuts, kegs of tobacco, and ammunition, and plows kept in stock by the Federal Government.
At first the Choctaw products were shipped from Mobile, but the United States soon secured permission from the Chickasaw tribe to carry them on packhorses to Colbert’s Ferry on the Tennessee, in the extreme northwestern part of Alabama. This route, known as Gaines Trace, followed the Tombigee to the mouth of the Okibbeha; it was probably identical with a primative trail from the Chickasaw settlements in the north, through Choctaw country, to the lower Creek towns. The road constructed under the Treaty of 1801 crossed the Choctaw country from southwest to northwest from Natchez to Nashville.
The white people who traveled these trails found the Choctaws hospitable and friendly, willing to welcome them in their homes or accept employments as guides. Public Inns were established in some places, but apparently these enterprises were usually conducted by the mixed bloods or white citizens. The most famous was Pitchlynn’s Place on Gaines Trace, where the goods brought up the Tombigee were unloaded for the overland part of the journey. John Pitchlynn and his sons, Peter and John, owned most of the land in that region, and their home was a favorite stopping place for travelers. Pitchlynn was employed by the United States as interpreter and was a good friend of both Indians and whites.
Hodgeson, Letters from North America, Morse report to the Secretary of War, pg 183
The white citizen, Nathaniel Folsom, also entertained numerous travelers; he told Adam Hodgson, who visited him in 1820, that there were scarcely five days in the year when he failed to have guests, and that seventy or eighty often stopped in one day.